Lorenzo Cohen, PhD
Professor and Director of the Integrative Medicine Program at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Dr. Lorenzo Cohen is Professor and Director of the Integrative Medicine Program at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Distinguished Clinical Professor, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai, China. Dr. Cohen is a founding member and past president of the international Society for Integrative Oncology. Dr. Cohen is currently conducting a number of NIH-funded randomized controlled clinical trials examining the biobehavioral effects of contemplative mind-body practices aimed at reducing the negative aspects of cancer treatment and improving quality of life including studies of meditation, Tibetan yoga, Patanjali-based yoga, Tai chi/Qigong, and other behavioral strategies such as stress management, emotional writing, and neurofeedback. He is interested in examining different types of complementary programs that can be easily incorporated into conventional treatment to decrease the psychophysiological consequences associated with treatment and improve outcomes. He is principal investigator of a newly funded phase III clinical trial of yoga for women with breast cancer with colleagues from Bangalore, India and a phase III clinical trial of acupuncture to prevent radiation-induced xerostomia with colleagues from Shanghai, China. Dr. Cohen is also conducting research to demonstrate that lifestyle changes can influence cancer outcomes. Ongoing studies are examining lifestyle changes in the areas of diet/nutrition, physical activity, and stress management/social network to change the risk of developing cancer and influencing outcomes in those with cancer.
M. Joy Dauncey, PhD, ScD, FSB
Senior Scientist & Adviser in Nutritional and Biomedical Sciences, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, UK
Dr. Joy Dauncey is an international scientific adviser, lecturer and visiting professor in nutritional, medical and veterinary sciences. She has strong links with Brazil and Italy, gives postgraduate courses in São Paulo and Milan, and is a Scientific Commission Member of Núcleo-Nutrição em Pauta, Brazil. She is a Member of the Nutrition Society, Fellow of the Society of Biology (FSB) and Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine.
Major areas of interest include genomic and epigenomic influences on nutritional regulation of development, metabolism and neuroscience, and their relevance to health and disease (diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular, neurological). She has over 200 scientific publications. She has lectured in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Japan, USA. For 15 years she was Supervisor in Physiology, Gonville and Caius College, University of Cambridge.
Joy obtained First Class Honours in Nutrition, Queen Elizabeth College, University of London, and Postgraduate Diploma in Nutrition and PhD from University of Cambridge. She was a Cambridge research scientist for over 30 years, initially at MRC Dunn Nutrition Unit, then at BBSRC Babraham Institute, Departments of Applied Biology, Cell Biology, Molecular & Cellular Physiology, Neurobiology, Developmental Genetics, Molecular Immunology. Awards include Doctor of Science (ScD) from University of Cambridge, and the international Peter Debye Prize, for outstanding contribution and significant advance in the biomedical sciences.
Martin Paulus, MD
Professor in Residence, Department of Psychiatry, Laboratory of Biological Dynamics and Theoretical Medicine, University of California San Diego
Dr. Paulus studied Medicine at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz from 1979-1985. Dr. Paulus received a postdoctoral fellowship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) in 1986 to study the effects of calcium antagonists on animal models of mania at the University of California San Diego with Dr. Karen Britton. Dr. Paulus worked with Dr. Mandell and Dr. Stephen Gass on developing classification approaches for simple discrete nonlinear systems using measures from ergodic theory of dynamical systems. These approaches were subsequently adapted to examine the complex patterns of locomotor activities in rodents. This lead Dr. Paulus to collaborate extensively with Dr. Mark Geyer in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). In 1993, Dr. Paulus left UCSD to resume his medical training. He completed his internship at the Long Island Jewish Medical Center / Zucker Hillside Hospital on Long Island, NY. In 1994, he rejoined the Department of Psychiatry at UCSD as a psychiatric resident. Dr. Paulus completed his residency in psychiatry in 1997. At that time, he joined the Department as an Assistant Professor in Residence.
Dr Paulus has been interested in understanding decision-making processes and their dysfunction in psychiatric populations. In particular, how decision-making dysfunctions contribute to transition from casual use of drugs to drug dependence and how these dysfunctions contribute to relapse in individuals with stimulant dependence.
Judson Brewer, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry; Medical Director, Yale Therapeutic Neuroscience Clinic
Dr. Brewer received his MD/PhD from Washington University in St. Louis, where his thesis work focused on molecular mechanisms of stress hormone regulation of the immune system using conditional knockout mouse models. After training in mindfulness meditation during medical and graduate school, he shifted his focus from animal models of stress, to the elucidation of neurobiological mechanisms underlying the interface between stress, mindfulness and the addictive process, and in developing effective means for the modulation of these processes to better treat substance use disorders.
His laboratory focuses on improving methods to assay mindfulness practice and acquisition. They are working to delineate brain activation patterns during specific meditation techniques, and to link these to physiological and behavioral measures. Ultimately, his hope is to be able to use this knowledge to not only more accurately measure neurophysiological correlates of mindfulness, but to improve mindfulness acquisition, leading to directly measurable effects on health outcomes.
William Cullinan, PhD
Director of the Integrative Neuroscience Research Center and dean of the College of Health Sciences, Marquette University
Dr. William E. Cullinan is the director of the Integrative Neuroscience Research Center and dean of the College of Health Sciences. Cullinan received his bachelor’s degree in physical therapy from Marquette in 1981 and earned his Ph.D. in neuroscience from the University of Virginia in 1991. He did post-doctoral research at the University of Michigan (1991-95) before joining the Marquette faculty in 1995. His research laboratory, which has received funding from the National Institute on Mental Health and the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression, focuses on brain circuits involved in mental illness. He has authored numerous research articles and chapters on functional neuroanatomy and neuroendocrinology.
Dr. Cullinan has taught courses in anatomy, neuroanatomy and neuroscience at the undergraduate and graduate levels, and received the university’s Faculty Award for Teaching Excellence in 2002. He established and directs a summer Neuroanatomical Dissection seminar which annually draws 80 to 100 professionals and educators from across the country.
Research in his laboratory is directed at understanding the neurobiology of stress and the link between stress and psychiatric illness. The ability to cope with changing internal or external environmental demands (i.e. stress) is known to involve the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Stress-mediating neural inputs converge upon a final common pathway, the origin of which is known to be the CRH-containing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Activation of these neurons results in a cascade of events culminating in the release of adrenal corticosteroids. Chronic elevated corticosteroid levels have been linked to illnesses such as major depression.
Dr. Galán studied fundamental physics at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. After receiving his Master's degree he moved to Berlin where he received graduate training in theoretical biology and a PhD in computational neuroscience from the Humboldt Universität. His doctoral thesis provided empirical evidence for a simple but reliable neuronal mechanism of detecting odorants and storing their memory in the olfactory system of insects. As a postdoctoral researcher in Pittsburgh, working with Nathan Urban and Bard Ermentrout he investigated the biophysical mechanisms for neuronal synchronization; a phenomenon that generates EEG oscillations which are relevant for behavior. One of his papers in this area was chosen by Scientific American as one of fifty emerging trends in research, business and policy in 2005. Since 2008 Dr. Galán is an assistant professor in the department of neurosciences at Case Western Reserve University where he combines theoretical and computational studies with experiments. His experimental research focuses on the effect of neuromodulators on the balance between excitation and inhibition in cortical networks, which has important implications for epilepsy and autism. Thus far, Dr. Galán has published more than 25 peer-reviewed publications and book chapters. The impact of his research has been recognized with a fellowship from The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and a scholarship from The Mt. Sinai Health Care Foundation. He has also been nominated for a Diekhoff Mentoring Award at CWRU.
Paul Zarkowski, MD
Assistant Professor Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington